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As you progress through this course, you will study several different theories, some of which have more similarities than differences and vice versa. In order for you to learn about them more effectively and to create a personalized tool you can use in the future, you will create a Theories of Counseling Chart summarizing key aspects of each theory.

As you review the theories each week, complete the “Click here to enter text” box sections of this chart. You will work on this chart throughout the course and submit it in Unit 5 and in Unit 10 as a discussion post. You will be able to refer to this chart throughout your classes, into your fieldwork, and beyond.

Refer to the Web Sites and Readings for Theories of Psychotherapy course file document to assist you in completing the Theories Chart.

What are some of the key propositions of the theory? How and why do people develop problems?

How can therapy help a person overcome problems? What must a person do to improve his or her functioning?

What techniques does the counselor use to help bring about change?

What is the counselor responsible for in sessions? What is the client expected to do? Who takes the leading role in the interaction?

Who uses this theory? How do they present themselves to the wider community? Where are resources for learning more?

Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Therapy

What are some of the key propositions of the theory? How and why do people develop problems?How can therapy help a person overcome problems? What must a person do to improve his or her functioning?

What techniques does the counselor use to help bring about change?

What Is the Role of the Client and the Counselor?

What is the counselor responsible for in sessions? What is the client expected to do? Who takes the leading role in the interaction?

Who uses this theory? How do they present themselves to the wider community? Where are resources for learning more?

What are some good references that I may want to refer to in the future?

What are some of the key propositions of the theory? How and why do people develop problems?

How can therapy help a person overcome problems? What must a person do to improve his or her functioning?

Interventions

What techniques does the counselor use to help bring about change?

Studying subjective experiences in context and individual is more like the Adlerian way of treating clients Who Is In Charge? What Is the Role of the Client and the Counselor?

What is the counselor responsible for in sessions? What is the client expected to do? Who takes the leading role in the interaction?

Who uses this theory? How do they present themselves to the wider community? Where are resources for learning more?

What are some of the key propositions of the theory? How and why do people develop problems?

How can therapy help a person overcome problems? What must a person do to improve his or her functioning?

Interventions

What techniques does the counselor use to help bring about change? Who Is In Charge? What Is the Role of the Client and the Counselor?

What is the counselor responsible for in sessions? What is the client expected to do? Who takes the leading role in the interaction?

Who uses this theory? How do they present themselves to the wider community? Where are resources for learning more?

What are some good references that I may want to refer to in the future?

What are some of the key propositions of the theory? How and why do people develop problems?

How can therapy help a person overcome problems? What must a person do to improve his or her functioning?

What techniques does the counselor use to help bring about change? Who Is In Charge? What Is the Role of the Client and the Counselor?

What is the counselor responsible for in sessions? What is the client expected to do? Who takes the leading role in the interaction?

The therapist assumes the role of a coach, and will help the client analyze situations through prompted conversations, and question-and-answer sessions.

What are some of the key propositions of the theory? How and why do people develop problems?

What techniques does the counselor use to help bring about change? Person-centered therapy is the most common intervention, where the client is at the center of everything.

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