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Question 1
Visualization involves appealing to matters that affect the personal well-being of your audience members.

True
False
Question 2
The following statement uses which method of speech conclusion? “You have all sat here patiently while I’ve filled your minds with example after example of lives taken needlessly due to faulty industrial equipment. Now I ask you to consider those examples and do something about it. Sign this letter; take a stand for industrial safety.”
summarizing
stating personal intentions
supplying additional inducement to belief
issuing a challenge or appeal
Question 3
The following is an example of which type of introduction? “There is a disease sweeping our country. None of us is immune. There are no drugs to treat it.”
startling statement
pertinent quotation
personal reference
reference to the occasion
Question 4
A question, whether rhetorical or not, can help to spark thinking about your subject.
True
False
Question 5
Which two attention factors both suggest uncertainty?
conflict and suspense
reality and vitality
activity and proximity
novelty and familiarity
Question 6
The following is an example of which method of speech introduction? “The maple outside this building looked different this morning. I looked at it carefully and discovered three nests in close proximity, all about the same size. Black squirrels were hustling from one nest to the next. It dawned on me that the squirrels were practicing the very concept that I had planned to speak about today: the extended family.”
using an illustration
using personal reference
referring to subject or occasion
making a startling statement
Question 7
All introductions should try to win the goodwill of your listeners.
True
False
Question 8
The opening lines of Charles Dickens’ famous novel, A Tale of Two Cities, are, “It was the best of times. It was the worst of times.” This contrast implies which factor of attention?
conflict
vitality
activity
suspense
Question 9
Which of these things does a good speech conclusion not do?
return to the viewpoints articulated earlier in the speech
reaffirm the speaker’s goals for the speech
remind the audience why you are credible
recapture the tone that the speech started with
Question 10
Which of the following is NOT a primary goal of an introduction?
establish the speaker’s qualifications
orient the listeners’ attention
rebut any likely arguments
lay out the speech’s ideas and their development
Question 11
A speaking outline should include everything you want to say in your speech.
True
False
Question 12
Based upon the requirements of a good outline form, what is wrong with the following?
I. Students in public schools should be allowed a “moment of silence” to meditate, pray or reflect. Instituting a moment of silence would not exclude on the basis of religious background. On the contrary, it would allow each student to use that time in his or her own way. Many schools have adopted this practice and it has yielded a positive reaction from students.
A consistent set of symbols should be used.
Each item in the outline should contain one main idea.
The logical relation of items in an outline should be shown by proper indentation.
Less important ideas in the outline should be subordinated to more important ideas.
Question 13
Less important ideas in an outline should be subordinate to more important ones.
True
False
Question 14
Knowledge of perceptual grouping constructs will not help you as you evaluate your outline.
True
False
Question 15
For the sake of economy, each note card of your speaking outline can contain multiple ideas.
True
False
Question 16
A good way to construct a technical plot outline is to set your full sentence outline next to a blank piece of paper and, on the blank sheet opposite each outline unit, identify all the technical elements of the speech.
True
False
Question 17
Proximity, continuity, contiguity, closure, and similarity are
terms that refer to different parts of speech outlines.
different types of outlines that can be used in writing speeches.
ways to gain and maintain the attention of listeners.
common constructs with which we group new bits of information.
Question 18
Psychologists argue that we learn by
talking to others about our ideas.
organizing our ideas into outlines.
adding new bits of information to old constructs.
going to class and taking careful notes.
Question 19
Closure refers to:
we group stimuli together that are close together when presented to us
we tend to simplify and to find similarities among things rather than differences
we connect events that occur closely together in time and space
we complete figures by filling in the gaps or adding missing connections
Question 20
The primary purpose of the speaking outline is to test your ideas.
True
False
Question 21
Chronological patterns, spatial patterns, and causal patterns are examples of
search methods for the web.
types of arrangement.
forms of argument.
speaking outlines.
Question 22
Which of the following organizational patterns is useful when your goal is to give listeners a sense of development or motion?
chronological order
topical
spatial
causal
Question 23
Extrinsic motivation refers to
inaction that occurs as a result of a particular speech.
incentives audiences create from within that encourage them to act.
acting because a speaker asks the audience to do so.
incentives, such as prizes or grades, offered to an audience in exchange for action on their part.
Question 24
If listener’s are not well informed about a particular topic, which would be the best organizational pattern for the body of a speech?
temporal order
cause-effect
historical chronology
effect-cause
Question 25
Which step in Monroe’s Motivated Sequences allows you to use positive, negative, or contrasting methods to achieve it?
The Action Step
The Attention Step
The Visualization Step
The Need Step
Question 26
Illustration occurs when you add more examples, additional statistics, testimony from experts, and other forms of support to drive your analysis home.
True
False
Question 27
In which step of Monroe’s Motivated Sequence does the speaker lay out a proposal?
the satisfaction step
the need step
the attention step
the visualization step
Question 28
If you were to arrange ideas or subtopics in terms of their physical proximity or relationship to each other you would most likely be using which organizational pattern?
spatial
topical
chronological
causal
Question 29
Juaquin has lived all over the world. To convey his experience of culture shock in his speech, he orders his main points from the first place he lived, Japan, to the last place, Germany. He is using which form of verbal organization?
physical space
narrative order
numerical order
topic order
Question 30
Sharon gave a speech about vacation spots in the United States. She began by exploring vacation spots in the East, then the Midwest, and finished with Western vacation spots. Sharon’s pattern of organization was
causal.
spatial.
topical.
chronological.
Question 31
“The gentleman sleeping in the front row shows what I mean by auditory oblivion,” is an example of
negative definition.
stipulative definition.
contextual definition.
exemplar definition.
Question 32
Kendra says in her speech, “The “glass ceiling” is a term coined to describe the barriers many women encounter in the corporate world.” Which method of definition is being used?
negative definition
exemplar definition
stipulative definition
contextual definition
Question 33
If you focus on the origin of a particular word, you are using a(n)
negative definition.
contextual definition.
dictionary definition.
etymological definition.
Question 34
If a speaker describes the sensations while jogging and refers to the agony of muscle cramps and the joy of a second wind, which type of imagery is being used?
kinesthetic
gustatory
organic
olfactory
Question 35
Travis relates the story of falling from a tree when he was a child by saying, “my body hit the ground with an enormous thud followed by a sickening snap when my arm broke.” Which type of imagery was being used?
visual
olfactory
gustatory
auditory
Question 36
The statement, “The bright light exploded through my eyes, sending a searing pain to the base of my skull” is an example of organic imagery.
True
False
Question 37
Which of the following is a quality of the oral style?
social
ephemeral
face to face
all of the above
Question 38
The statement, “After carrying the bags for over a mile, my hands and shoulders were aching” is an example of kinesthetic imagery.
True
False
Question 39
If I were to substitute the word “stubborn” for “contrary” in a speech, I would most likely be addressing the issue of simplicity.
True
False
Question 40
Putting ideas into words and actions is
encoding.
feedback.
referencing.
decoding.