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Question 1
Courts have used all of the following in assessing what constitutes cruel and unusual punishment except whether the punishment:
A. “shocks the general conscience” of a civilized society.
B. is specifically prohibited in the Eighth Amendment.
C. is unnecessarily cruel.
D. goes beyond legitimate penal aims.
Question 2
The Bail Reform Act of 1984 established the practice of:
A. preventive detention for people deemed a threat or likely to flee.
B. assigning lawyers with the responsibility of seeing to it that their clients appear when directed.
C. permitting a property bond in lieu of cash.
D. third-party custody.
Question 3
Bail is forfeited when:
A. the defendant is found guilty.
B. the defendant is acquitted.
C. the defendant doesn’t appear at trial.
D. none of the above; bail is always returned.
Question 4
According to the Eighth Amendment, fines shall not be:
A. predetermined.
B. excessive.
C. ancillary.
D. none of the above; the Eighth Amendment sets no restrictions on fines.
Question 5
Bail may be denied in:
A. capital cases.
B. cases involving the death penalty.
C. when the accused has threatened trial witnesses.
D. all of the above
Question 6
In ____________, the Supreme Court established three criteria for proportionality analysis of sentences.
A. United States v. Ursery
B. Trop v. Dulles
C. Solem v. Helm
D. Ingraham v. Wright
Question 7
The prohibition against excessive fines:
A. has not been incorporated.
B. does not apply in civil cases.
C. both a and b
D. neither a nor b
Question 8
The purpose of bail is to:
A. maintain the presumption of innocence.
B. guarantee the appearance of the accused in court.
C. raise money for the county or state.
D. both maintain the presumption of innocence AND guarantee the appearance of the accused in court.
Question 9
Bail allows the accused:
A. to be freed from jail pending trial by putting up security for the court.
B. the right to legal representation.
C. to pay his or her fine ahead of any actual court proceeding.
D. all of the above
Question 10
The landmark case that temporarily banned capital punishment was:
A. Gregg v. Georgia
B. Furman v. Georgia
C. Coker v. Georgia
D. Ford v. Georgia
Question 11
Rights not specifically listed in the Bill of Rights:
A. are considered not to exist.
B. are called unenumerated rights.
C. can only be argued through secondary sources.
D. can only be asserted when no other rights are similar.
Question 12
The ____________ Amendment established the federal income tax.
A. Fifteenth
B. Sixteenth
C. Seventeenth
D. Eighteenth
Question 13
The ____________ Amendment has been used to infer the right to privacy.
A. Third
B. Seventh
C. Ninth
D. Tenth
Question 14
Unenumerated rights include the right to:
A. privacy.
B. interstate and international travel.
C. freedom of association.
D. all of the above
Question 15
The ____________ Amendment has never been subjected to Supreme Court review.
A. Third
B. Seventh
C. Ninth
D. Tenth
Question 16
In ____________, the Supreme Court upheld the right to sexual privacy.
A. United States v. Darby
B. Bowers v. Hardwick
C. Olmstead v. United States
D. McCulloch v. Maryland
Question 17
The ____________ Amendment has been used to create zones of privacy.
A. Third
B. Fourth
C. Fifth
D. all of the above
Question 18
The Fourteenth Amendment:
A. gives full constitutional rights to all people born or naturalized in the U.S.
B. has since been repealed.
C. allows free travel throughout the nation.
D. divides the nation into electoral districts.
Question 19
The ____________ Amendment lowered the voting age to 18.
A. Twenty-Sixth
B. Twenty-Eighth
C. Twenty-Ninth
D. Thirtieth
Question 20
The ______________ Amendment gave women the right to vote.
A. Fifteenth
B. Seventeenth
C. Nineteenth
D. Twentieth