AIO File119

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J03V : Criminal Procedure1.The Preamble to the U.S. Constitution lists the following purposes of government EXCEPT:
the pursuit of happiness.
to establish justice.
to promote the general welfare.
to guarantee liberty.
2.Factual guilt is concerned with:
whether a person committed the crime with which he or she is charged.
whether a person is guilty according to the police.
whether a person is guilty according to the law.
None of the above
3.An example of a legal remedy is:
a lawsuit.
a citizen complaint.
the exclusionary rule.
All of the above
4.The U.S. Supreme Court has stated that someone acts under __________ when he or she acts in an official capacity.
legal authority
judicial order
color of law
None of the above
5.The Fourth Amendment contains which two basic clauses?
The reasonableness and probable cause clauses
The search and seizure clauses
The probable cause and reasonable suspicion clauses
The reasonableness and warrant clauses
6.A warrantless search based on a hot pursuit exigency will be upheld if:
the police have probable cause to believe the person they are chasing committed a crime.
the pursuit originates at a lawful point.
the underlying offense is “serious.”
All of the above
7.Terry v. Ohio dealt with:
arrests.
stop and frisk.
investigative detentions.
searches.
8.Besides interrogation, which of the following is a central element of the Miranda approach to confessions and interrogations?
Custody
General questioning
Formal criminal proceedings
Police focus on a suspect
9.Which of the following is an unacceptable reason for delaying a probable cause hearing?
Unavailability of a magistrate
Unavoidable delays in transporting the suspect
Waiting for the presence of the arresting officer
Gathering additional evidence against the accused
10.The term used to refer to laws that provide lenient sentences in exchange for guilty pleas is:
prosecutorial inducements.
statutory inducements.
judicial inducements.
None of the above
J04V : Policing
1.The due process model of criminal justice asserts all of the following EXCEPT:
the government’s job is to maximize freedom and opportunities for all citizens, which includes protecting people from undue government influence.
all suspects are innocent until proven guilty.
the due process model is first and foremost concerned with people’s rights and liberties.
it is important to reduce crime rates, even to the detriment of civil liberties.
2.Which prosecutorial tactic emphasizes the awareness of crime trends, communication, creativity, and cooperation?
Communicable prosecution
Strategic prosecution
Reactive prosecution
Corrective prosecution
3.The term “double marginality” refers to a situation where:
black officers treat black suspects less harshly because they understand what it is like to be the target of discrimination.
black officers treat black suspects more harshly because they want the respect of their white coworkers.
black applicants have a more difficult time getting a job as a police officer only because they are black.
black officers treat white suspects more harshly in order to avenge any perceived discrimination they may have experienced.
4.The “Blue Flu” was an incident where members of a police department:
called out sick in a form of protest.
were at risk for contracting the flu.
were evaluated for depression and stress.
missed work to attend a police officer’s funeral.
5.A hot spot is a concentrated:
area of significant criminal activity.
type of criminal activity.
time of criminal activity.
police presence within a neighborhood.
6.What is a juvenile waiver?
Where parents effectively emancipate their children because they cannot provide adequate care
A situation where children run away from home and become legally eligible to live on their own
A legal maneuver in which jurisdiction over a juvenile offender is waived to permit criminal prosecution of the offender in an adult court
A juvenile signs a waiver of rights in order to get a better deal from prosecutors
7.The tactical dimension of community policing is the dimension that:
translates ideas, philosophies, and strategies into concrete programs, practices, and behaviors.
emphasizes organizational and structural changes.
translates practices into philosophies.
emphasizes structure.