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In the scientific method, a set of interconnected ideas or concepts is called a(n)
A.
theory.
B.
hypothesis.
C.
experiment.
D.
descriptive method.

QUESTION 2
The fibers that connect the two hemispheres of the brain are known as the
Substantia nigra
Corpus callosum
Thalamus
Hippocampus
QUESTION 3
In the nervous system, each neuron communicates with
A.
one or two other neurons.
B.
a random subset of the other neurons in the nervous system.
C.
many other neurons in an organized network.
D.
all of the other neurons in the nervous system.

QUESTION 4
With respect to the nature/nurture debate, psychologists now believe that __________ is/are important in understanding the mind, brain, and behavior.
A.
nature
B.
nurture
C.
both nature and nurture
D.
neither nature nor nurture

QUESTION 5
Jacob’s father thinks he was born to be a skilled ice skater just like his mother and older sister, but Jacob’s mother thinks that his skills and interests come from growing up in a household full of skaters. What long-standing debate is at the heart of the disagreement between Jacob’s parents?
A.
the nature/nurture debate
B.
the mind/body problem
C.
introspection versus observation
D.
dualism

QUESTION 6
While hiking in the mountains in Alaska, Pete encountered a giant grizzly bear. He immediately felt his heart rate increase, his breathing become rapid, and sweat drip down his back. These events were most likely due to effects of the neurotransmitter called
A.
serotonin.
B.
epinephrine.
C.
GABA.
D.
dopamine.

QUESTION 7
Which division of the nervous system mobilizes the body in times of stress or danger? (Fight or flight)
Central
Somatic
Parasympathetic
Sympathetic
QUESTION 8
You are confident that your new roommate is a critical thinker after noticing this bumper sticker on his car:
A.
“Show me the evidence!”
B.
“The only truth is no truth”
C.
“Trust your gut!”
D.
“What is the meaning of life?”

QUESTION 9
If you find yourself becoming a bit depressed, you should most likely seek help from a __________ psychologist.
A.
personality
B.
social
C.
developmental
D.
counseling

QUESTION 10
Pete had a stroke and loses his ability to speak, he can still understand what is being said but he has difficulty forming the words. What area of the brain is likely to have been damaged?
Right occipital lobe
Left parietal lobe
Right frontal lobe
Left temporal lobe
QUESTION 11
Jan is afflicted by a nervous system disease in an area other than the brain or spinal cord. Therefore, her problem originates in which division of the nervous system?
Peripheral
Central
Somatic
Autonomic
QUESTION 12
Roberto’s grandmother has Alzheimer’s disease. Therefore, you would expect to see too __________ of the neurotransmitter __________ in her brain.
A.
much; acetylcholine
B.
little; acetylcholine
C.
much; dopamine
D.
little; dopamine

QUESTION 13
Which region of the brain regulates basic bodily functions, such as heart rate and breathing, and in which division is it located?
A.
brain stem, located in the hindbrain
B.
basal ganglia, located in the hindbrain
C.
hippocampus, located in the midbrain
D.
cerebellum, located in the midbrain

QUESTION 14Kerrie is an undergraduate who is thinking about majoring in psychology. She also works part-time, and she is very interested in how her company builds morale and helps motivate her coworkers. What subfield of psychology might Kerrie want to examine more closely?
A.
personality psychology
B.
cultural psychology
C.
clinical psychology
D.
organizational psychology

QUESTION 15
Mario is highly afraid of spiders. Which part of the brain would be activated if he were to enter a room that had a lot of spiders?
A.
hypothalamus
B.
hippocampus
C.
amygdala
D.
thalamus

QUESTION 16Critical thinking is best defined as thinking that
A.
systematically evaluates information.
B.
criticizes others’ opinions.
C.
is open-minded and creative.
D.
uses inferences but does not solve problems.

QUESTION 17
A myelin sheath is a fatty layer that protects the axon, so it is most like the
A.
remote control for a TV.
B.
insulation around a pipe.
C.
layers of a cake.
D.
thermostat of a heater.

QUESTION 18

Dr. Tucker is a developmental psychologist. Which of the following research questions is she least likely to pursue?
A.
How do brain chemicals influence sexual behavior in young adults?
B.
How do children learn to speak?
C.
When do infants learn that objects out of sight still exist?
D.
Do video games help older adults maintain mental abilities as they age?
QUESTION 19
Because Lucy becomes aware that all of the adults are watching her as she plays, she