350607RR

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Exam: 350607RR – Motivation, Emotion, Development, and Personality exam number 350607RR
1. Having been attacked and bitten by a German shepherd, Sam reacts with fear on spotting any large dog.
According to recent developments in brain research, the linking role of the _________ is paramount in the
recall of this sort of fear-evoking stimulus.
A. amygdala
B. visual cortex
C. hippocampus
D. left temporal lobe
2. An IQ test which adjusts the difficulty of future questions based on the success of earlier questions is
known as
A. mental age testing.
B. group testing.
C. adaptive testing.
D. difficulty testing.
3. People with a _______ can eat just about anything they want and not gain weight.
A. fixed weight set point
B. low metabolic rate
C. high metabolic rate
D. fixed proportion of fat cells
4. To formulate a general definition of emotion, it will be most accurate to say that
A. emotions are feelings that have both physiological and cognitive elements.
B. emotion is a feeling state evoked by an expressed behavior.
C. an emotion is a specific reaction to a perceived change in a situation.
D. emotions are adaptive physiological responses to feelings.
5. According to Bandura, the extent to which we feel we’re able to meet a challenge or pursue a task to a
favorable outcome is our level of
A. self-esteem.
B. extraversion.
C. openness to experience.
D. self-efficacy.
6. In the _______ theory of motivation, _______ motivation is to satisfaction provided by activities that are
their own reward as _______ motivation is to satisfaction derived from the reward for some kind of
behavior, such as money or status.
A. drive-reduction; extrinsic; intrinsic
B. drive-reduction; dependent; autonomous
C. cognitive; autonomous; dependent
D. cognitive; intrinsic; extrinsic
7. If you support the idea that physiological arousal and the experience of an associated emotion will occur
simultaneously, you’ll agree with the
A. James-Lange theory of emotion.
B. Cannon-Bard theory of emotion.
C. biological emotion-activation theory.
D. Schachter-Singer theory of emotion.
8. Which theory of emotion claims that physical changes in the body lead to the feeling of emotions?
A. The Schachter-Singer Theory
B. The James-Lange Theory
C. The Kohlberg-Strauss Theory
D. The Cannon-Bard Theory
9. Sternberg’s concept of practical intelligence is most directly related to
A. emotional intelligence.
B. information processing.
C. multiple intelligences.
D. overall success in living.
10. The original purpose in constructing the MMPI-2 was
A. screening job applicants.
B. identifying psychological disorders.
C. screening college applicants.
D. identifying a client’s optimal choices among occupations.
11. As discussed in your textbook, which statement best illustrates fluid intelligence?
A. Alex recalls the wiring pattern and deftly reconnects the power lead to the battery.
B. Caldwell critically evaluates the likely causes of kidney stones.
C. Gavin the spy quickly memorizes the 12-digit code.
D. Dylan scribbles the draft of a poem onto the back of an envelope.
12. Which of the following statements regarding the outcomes of Mary Ainsworth’s strange situation
experiments is most accurate?
A. Avoidant children cry when the mother returns to the playroom.
B. Ambivalent children may both hit and embrace their mother on her return.
C. Disorganized-disoriented behavior precedes a secure attachment.
D. Only two-year-olds are capable of showing a secure attachment.
13. In late adulthood, changes in memory may not be inevitable; however, any decline in memory tends to
involve _______ memory.
A. implicit
B. intrinsic
C. semantic
D. episodic
14. I show you a picture of an adult figure hovering over a sleeping child. I ask you to tell me a story about what you think is happening. Which kind of projective test am I using?
A. Behavioral assessment test
B. Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2
C. Rorschach test
D. Thematic Apperception test
15. In the Binet IQ test, an IQ score is equal to MA divided by CA times 100. In this formula, “MA” is to
mental age as “CA” is to
A. calculated ability.
B. cognitive age.
C. common age.
D. chronological age.
16. If you agree with B.F. Skinner as to the nature of personality, you would also agree that
A. human personality is largely shaped through observational learning.
B. personality is shaped by people’s thoughts, feelings, expectations, and values.
C. traits like sociability arise from unconscious wishes to be liked by others.
D. humans are infinitely changeable because they can learn new behavior patterns.
17. During middle adulthood, the most clearly marked biological change is related to
A. memory loss.
B. the so-called midlife transition.
C. reproductive capabilities.
D. weight loss.
18. According to your textbook’s treatment of Kohlberg’s theory of moral development, a focus on rewards
and punishment in respect to a moral dilemma is characteristic of
A. children who haven’t grasped the principle of object constancy.
B. adolescents who have reached the formal operational stage of moral development.
C. children who haven’t reached the conventional stage of moral development.
D. adolescents who have reached the conventional level of moral development.
19. According to Erik Erikson, generativity-versus-stagnation is the typical challenge of
A. adolescence.
B. middle adulthood.
C. old age.
D. early adulthood.
20. In the context of intellectual disability, the great majority of people so challenged are classified as being
_______ retarded.
A. mildly
B. variably
C. moderately
D. severely